Pubmed ID : 30212841

Article Name : Genome-wide identification of FOXL2 binding and characterization of FOXL2 feminizing action in the fetal gonads.

Abstract : The identity of the gonads is determined by which fate, ovarian granulosa cell or testicular Sertoli cell, the bipotential somatic cell precursors choose to follow. In most vertebrates, the conserved transcription factor FOXL2 contributes to the fate of granulosa cells. To understand FOXL2 functions during gonad differentiation, we performed genome-wide analysis of FOXL2 chromatin occupancy in fetal ovaries and established a genetic mouse model that forces Foxl2 expression in the fetal testis. When FOXL2 was ectopically expressed in the somatic cell precursors in the fetal testis, FOXL2 was sufficient to repress Sertoli cell differentiation, ultimately resulting in partial testis-to-ovary sex-reversal. Combining genome-wide analysis of FOXL2 binding in the fetal ovary with transcriptomic analyses of our Foxl2 gain-of-function and previously published Foxl2 loss-of-function models, we identified potential pathways responsible for the feminizing action of FOXL2. Finally, comparison of FOXL2 genome-wide occupancy in the fetal ovary with testis-determining factor SOX9 genome-wide occupancy in the fetal testis revealed extensive overlaps, implying that antagonistic signals between FOXL2 and SOX9 occur at the chromatin level.

Publication data : 12. 2018

Authors : B Nicol, SA Grimm, A Gruzdev, GJ Scott, MK Ray, HH Yao

Ome : Transcriptome

Technologies : ChIP-Seq

Species : Mus musculus

Experimental design : Normal

Topics : Gonad development, Sex determination

Tissues : Ovary

Sex : Female

Developmental stage : Fetal

Age : 14.5dpc

Antibody : Anti-FOXL2, Input

Keywords : male germ cells, RNA, heterogeneity, meiosis, spermiogenesis, continuum, human, mouse

Sample count : 4


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